Authors are required to check off their submission’s compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
The title should be concise, informative and comprehensible to readers outside the field. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae whenever possible.
- Author names and affiliations. Please indicate under the title the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter/number immediately after the author’s name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and the e-mail address of each author. If possible please include the personal website URL.
Corresponding author. Clearly indicate with an asterisk the person that will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication, and post-publication. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and the contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.
Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a ‘Present address’ (or ‘Permanent address’) may be indicated as a footnote to that author’s name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.
- Abstract: The Abstract should contain no more than 1,500 characters including spaces. A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
• Include up to 5 keywords immediately after the Abstract
• All figures (including figure captions)
• All tables (including titles, description and footnotes)
• Make sure all figures and table citations in the text match the files provided
• Graphical Abstracts / Highlights files (where applicable)
• Supplementary Information files (where applicable)
- Further considerations:
• Manuscript should be “spell checked” and “grammar checked”
• All references mentioned in the Reference List must be cited in the text, and vice versa
• Permission to reproduce must be obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet)
• Relevant declarations of interest are made
• Journal policies detailed in this guide were reviewed
Please submit, as part of the cover letter, the name, affiliation and email address of up to five potential Referees. Appropriate Referees should be knowledgeable about the subject but have no close connection with any of the authors. In addition, Referees should be from institutions other than (and possibly countries other than) those of any of the Authors. The editors of the Journal may or may not contact the suggested Referees.
References to the literature or to footnotes are typed as superscripts after punctuation. These are numbered consecutively and listed (but not as superscripts) at the end of the manuscript. Footnotes should not contain comprehensive experimental details (which should be included in the Supplementary Material instead) or long explanatory text. In the list of references, the names of all authors should be given in upper- and lowercase, starting with the initials of first names followed by the surname). Please double-check your references, for example by using CrossRef, to ensure correct (online) links. Authors are strongly suggested to refer to an article that has already been published in Substantia in order to check the required style and format for citing papers, book, websites, etc.