In accordance with the generally accepted standards of scholarly publishing, FUP journals do not alter articles after publication: “Articles that have been published should remain extant, exact and unaltered to the maximum extent possible“.
In cases of serious errors or (suspected) misconduct FUP publishes corrections and retractions (expressions of concern).
In cases of serious errors that affect or significantly impair the reader’s understanding or evaluation of the article, the journal publishes a correction note that is linked to the published article. The published article will be left unchanged.
- there is clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation)
- the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper crossreferencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication)
- it turns out to be an act of plagiarism
- it reports unethical research.
An article is retracted by publishing a retraction notice that is linked to or replaces the retracted article. The journal will make any effort to clearly identify a retracted article as such.
If an investigation is underway that might result in the retraction of an article the journal may choose to alert readers by publishing an expression of concern.